GREENE COUNTY, Va. (WVIR) - The Greene County-based Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) is out with safety ratings for pickup trucks.

IIHS says pickup trucks overall lack front crash protection.

"We've got a lot of vehicles that were rated less than acceptable," said IIHS Executive Vice President David Zuby.

One of those is the Toyota Tundra, which earned the institute’s lowest rating of "poor." In a passenger side small overlap crash, the front end of the truck completely caved in.

"If you were sitting in this seat there's very little room left for your legs. The other thing that we noticed in our test was that as the structure was collapsing around the dummy it's head went up and smashed into the ‘A’ pillar,” Zuby said.

Tested at the same speed of 40 miles per hour, the best-selling Ford F-150 had minimal passenger and driver side damage.

“This is what we'd prefer to see. Right there's lots of what we call ‘survival space,’ so that the person sitting in that seat doesn't have the structure closing in around him crushing his or her body parts," said Zuby.

The institute tested 11 crew cab pickups. Some held up well in a crash, while others had serious damage.

IIHS recommends the Ford F-150, Nissan Titan, and Ram 1500 for providing "good" crash protection.

Honda's Ridgeline pickup is the only truck so far to qualify for a 2019 “top safety pick.”

"It's currently the only model that has available ‘good’ headlights, and that's why it earns the top safety pick. The other 10 pickup trucks have headlights that aren't rated any better than ‘marginal,’" Zuby said.

Pickups took longer than any other vehicle to meet the IIHS’ standards for driver-side crash protection.

They're still struggling in passenger protection and headlights.

While the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety can see manufacturers making improvements, pickups still have a long way to go.