New data from the Centers for Disease Control reveals there were nearly 13,000 heroin-related deaths in the United States in 2015, slightly surpassing the number of gun homicides. Overall, deaths from all opioids, including prescription painkillers, topped 30,000 for the first time in recent history.
In part two of our two-part series, 'Drugs in Virginia: Opioid Addiction,’ NBC29’s Nora Neus takes a look at solutions to the opioid addiction crisis in Virginia. Click here for part one of our Drugs in Virginia: Opioid Addiction series.
Joyce has spent 30 years as a first responder seeing the human cost of the opioid crisis and has organized programs in schools to educate about the dangers of opioid, heroin, and other drug use.
The number of people addicted to opioids across the country and especially in Virginia is growing exponentially, and so is the number of prescriptions available. The Department of Health and Human Services says, in 2015, more than 65,000 opioid prescriptions were dispensed on an average day across the country.
The crisis is spreading, but there are solutions out there. Policymakers are offering up solutions in the medical field, the community, and law enforcement. First, healthcare providers can reduce legal opioid availability.
“A lot of these people who end up having a heroin problem, or an opiate pill addiction, started off with completely legitimate use of that medicine,” Joyce stated.
The University of Virginia Medical Center is trying to find new ways to treat pain without opioids. Bethany Sarosiek is the development coordinator for the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery program.
“By using a combination of pain management alternatives…we can do just as good, if not even a better job of managing a patient's pain, without causing a lot of the post-operative addiction problems that opioids do,” she stated.
Even when opioids are necessary for particularly invasive surgery, Sarosiek says doctors and nurses should talk with patients about how easy it is to become addicted. “And that conversation doesn't happen nearly as often as I think it should,” she said.
Part of the solution lies in reducing the number of legal opioids in circulation, with the proper disposal of unused medications. Patients sometimes don't finish the full course of opioids and end up with extra pills lying around.
“Everyone's purse, everyone's medicine cabinet has some opiates in it, very often, and so they're readily available and easy to get,” he said. “When I hear somebody pick up a purse and it has that characteristic shake, there's pills in there, and I know it.”
Officials suggest taking just five or 10 minutes before bed to clean out your medicine cabinet and junk drawer - the one you're not quite sure what's inside. If you find any leftover medication, turn it into local law enforcement.
People can take advantage of opioid disposal solutions in central Virginia. Many police departments have drop boxes where you can dispose of extra medications. Other localities distribute drug disposal kits that you can use at home (list below). Contact your local police or sheriff’s department for details.
The third solution comes from law enforcement, with a focus on treatment, not just punishment.
Waynesboro Police Captain Kelly Walker says law enforcement has to find new solutions to deal with a new kind of drug crisis. “We'll never arrest our way out of this problem,” he said.
When someone is arrested on a drug charge, Walker says they need to enter addiction treatment as soon as possible. “If we wait until trial and then hope to get someone into treatment - at that point - I think you're missing a golden opportunity.”
But Walker says communities need more than just policy ideas. “Removing the stigma that's associated with addiction, letting people know that they can seek treatment, there are resources available, they just have to want to go do it.”
(Charlottesville, Va.) — On November 21, 2016, State Health Commissioner Dr. Marissa J. Levine declared the Virginia opioid addiction crisis a Public Health Emergency. This action came in response to the growing number of overdoses attributed to opioid use and evidence that Carfentanil – a highly dangerous synthetic opioid used to sedate large animals like elephants – has made its way to Virginia. On average, three Virginians die of a drug overdose every day.
In an effort to prevent opioid overdoses and drug misuse, the Thomas Jefferson Health District is offering free drug disposal kits. These kits will allow individuals to properly deactivate and dispose of medications without contaminating water sources or harming the environment. Proper medication disposal prevents poisoning of children and pets, deters misuse by teens and adults, and avoids health problems resulting from accidentally taking wrong or expired medications.
Each biodegradable drug disposal kit can deactivate and destroy up to 45 pills, 6 ounces of liquid, or 6 patches. They are simple to use: add warm tap water, seal the bag, and dispose in the trash can. Drug disposal kits should be used to deactivate and dispose of opioids (narcotics/pain killers such as codeine or morphine).
People can pick up a free drug disposal kit at any of the following health departments:
Charlottesville/Albemarle Health Dept. Address: 1138 Rose Hill Drive Charlottesville, Va. Phone: 434-972-6200
Fluvanna County Health Department Address: 132 Main St., Route 15 Palmyra, Va. Phone: 434-591-1960
Greene County Health Department Address: 50 Stanard Street Stanardsville, Va. Phone: 434-985-2262
Louisa County Health Department Address: 540 Industrial Drive Louisa, Va. Phone: 540-967-3703
Nelson County Health Department Address: 4038 Thomas Nelson Highway Arrington, Va. Phone: 434-263-8315 For more information about drug addiction, treatment, and local resources, visit www.VaAware.com.
Drugs in Virginia: Opioid Addiction Part 2: What We Can DoMore>>
Nora joined the NBC29 news team as a reporter in December 2015, after graduating from the University of Virginia. She is always excited to hear from viewers, so whether you have a story idea, or just want to say hi, you can reach her via Email, Twitter or Facebook.