UVA Study Finds New Approach to Post-Op Care Successful
The University of Virginia Health System is getting some cancer patients recovered and back home faster than ever before.
Researchers at UVA tried out a streamlined approach to postoperative care for patents following what's known as a Whipple procedure. The Whipple procedure treats tumors of the pancreas and its surroundings.
A typical hospital stay for a Whipple procedure patient lasts 10 days to two weeks. The streamlined approach test at UVA aims to knock that number down to six days.
Chief researcher Dr. Todd W. Bauer says the recovery time will impact the patient's long-term survival. Out of the 113 patients who underwent a Whipple procedure using this recovery method over seven years, there has been a total of zero deaths.
This is compared to a reported mortality rate of one percent to two percent at hospitals that perform the procedure but don't use this particular recovery method.
Because the new practice is getting patients well and out of the hospital quicker, they are able to start that chemotherapy sooner.
University of Virginia Health Systems Press Release
CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA., Feb. 13, 2013 – A bold new approach that gets people out of the hospital more quickly after a major cancer surgery is producing excellent outcomes and reducing costs for patients at the University of Virginia Health System, a new study shows.
Researchers at UVA set out to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of a streamlined approach to postoperative care following what is known as a Whipple procedure. The complex surgery, also known as a pancreaticoduodenectomy, treats tumors of the pancreas and its surroundings.
A typical hospital stay for a Whipple procedure is 10 days to two weeks. The streamlined approach tested at UVA aims to reduce that to only six days. The clinical trial of the new approach found that median stay was seven days, with 41 percent of patients out of the hospital by the sixth day."This represents the shortest post-operative clinical pathway that has been described in the medical literature," says UVA's Todd W. Bauer, MD, who launched the approach and led the trial.
Recovery time after a procedure is particularly important for patients with cancer, as it allows them to begin chemotherapy six weeks after surgery, Bauer notes. "Not only is it important for the patients' quality of life, this will impact their long-term survival," he says.
Keys to Success The study examined outcomes for 113 patients who underwent a Whipple procedure using the new clinical pathway. There have been zero deaths in the seven years since the study began, compared with a reported mortality rate of 1 percent to 2 percent at many hospitals that perform the procedure.
Bauer attributes the success of UVA's approach to several key factors:
Minimizing blood loss during the procedure and avoiding blood transfusions
Taking a meticulous approach to the surgery, to prevent complications
Establishing a clear timeline charting milestones after surgery
Ensuring all care providers are working in unison
Educating patients on what to expect each day and actively involving them in their care.
Positive Outcomes The study's findings have been published online by the journal HPB. The article's authors are Dustin M. Walters, Patrick McGarey, Damien J. LaPar, Aimee Strong, Elizabeth Good, Reid B. Adams and Bauer.
In the wake of the success of the trial, UVA is implementing the new approach permanently, Bauer says.
"We do a lot of these, and that contributes to our positive outcomes," he says of the Whipple procedure. "But our goal is not just to do a lot of these – it's to have the best possible outcome for every patient. … So it has been very rewarding for us to see our patients doing so well."